The offence of exceeding speed limits is a common occurrence in all European countries and is recognized as the single most major cause of death on roads in Europe. The ROADPOL Operation Speed takes place over one week on two occasions per year. In the first week of this operation, one day is chosen to be a 24 hours control of the speed limits. This is called the Speed Marathon.

During the operation member countries are asked to enforce the speed limits as set in their own country by Officer intervention i.e. the physical presence of a Police Officer checking the speed of a vehicle using an approved method and device and then stopping and reporting the driver, and also by the use of fixed automatic devices such as fixed cameras at the roadside.

The enforcement of excessive speeding is a major task for all European Traffic Police Services, not only during the ROADPOL Operation, but at all times during the rest of the year.